Himalayan salt is pure, hand-mined salt found naturally, deep within the pristine Himalayan Mountains. Himalayan salt is a term for halite (commonly known as rock salt) from Pakistan, which various companies in Europe, North America, and Australia began selling in the early 21st century. It is mined in the Khewra Salt Mine, the second-largest salt mine in the world, located in Khewra, Jhelum District, Punjab, Pakistan, the foothills of the Salt Range, about 300 km from the Himalayas, 160 km from Islamabad, and 260 km from Lahore. The salt sometimes occurs in a reddish or pink color, with some crystals having off-white to transparent color.
It is commonly used in cooking, in place of other table salt, in brine, and for bath products such as bath salts. Blocks of salt are also used as serving dishes and in the preparation of food. Fish and some meats can be preserved for use in certain dishes, and blocks of salt can be slowly heated to a temperature of around 400 degrees Fahrenheit and used as a cooking surface thereafter.